The Paris Agreement – An International Law to Combat Climate Change
The Paris Agreement is a significant international law, representing a global commitment to combat climate change. The agreement was adopted by 195 countries in 2015, with the aim of limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and preferably to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, above pre-industrial levels.
The Paris Agreement recognizes that climate change is a global problem which requires a global solution. It is built on a foundation of transparency and accountability, with countries required to report on their emissions and progress towards their targets. The agreement also establishes a framework for financial assistance and technology transfer to developing countries, which often face the greatest challenges in adapting to and mitigating climate change.
One of the key features of the Paris Agreement is the concept of “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs). Each country is required to set its own targets and actions to reduce emissions, based on their individual circumstances and capabilities. These NDCs are periodically updated and reviewed, with the aim of increasing ambition over time.
The Paris Agreement also places a strong emphasis on adaptation, recognizing that climate change is already having significant impacts on vulnerable communities and ecosystems. The agreement establishes a global goal to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience, and reduce vulnerability to climate change.
Since its adoption, the Paris Agreement has become one of the most widely ratified international treaties in history, with 189 countries having ratified it as of 2021. However, there have been challenges in implementing the agreement, with some countries failing to meet their commitments and others withdrawing altogether.
Despite these challenges, the Paris Agreement remains a critical framework for global action on climate change. As the impacts of climate change continue to be felt around the world, it is essential that countries come together to address this urgent global challenge. The Paris Agreement provides a foundation for this cooperation, based on the principles of transparency, accountability, and shared responsibility.